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Your Health

Contact Us

Sanofi Office

44/Jafar Jabbari Street,
Business Centre Caspian Plaza,
Floor No.8,
AZ1065 Baku, Azerbaijan.

Tel (+994 12) 437 16 48/49
Fax (+994 12) 437 16 52
Mob: (+994 50) 206 60 31
(for out-of-business hours)

Content :

Metabolic Disorders

Metabolic Disorders

Diabetes mellitus is a common condition where there is too much of the sugar called glucose in the blood, because the body is unable to convert it into energy in the normal way. In almost all cases, this is because not enough insulin is produced by the body.

 

Two types of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease which attacks and destroys the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Patients suffer from a total absence of insulin production and secretion. 

Type 2 diabetes develops over time as insulin secretion deteriorates. Although the pancreas does produce insulin, quantities produced are insufficient to control glycemia adequately. People who have diabetes run the risk of developing serious health problems such as blindness, renal failure, heart attacks, strokes, impotence and amputation. At present, 194 million diabetics are on record, i.e. six times as many as 15 years ago. Forecasts for 2025 cite 300 million diabetics.

Abdominal obesity

Abdominal obesity is the result of an accumulation of adipose tissue around the organs of the abdomen. It often causes a modification of certain metabolic parameters.

Metabolic syndrome is defined as abdominal obesity (abdominal circumference > 94 cm for men and > 80 cm for women) associated with at least two of the following four criteria:

  • Increased blood fat levels: triglycerides >1.5g/l;
  • HDL- cholesterol <0.4 g/l for men and < 0.5 g/l for women;
  • Glycemia > 1.1 g/l;
  • Arterial blood pressure >130/85 mmHg.    

A combination of several of these symptoms signifies increased risk of developing cardiovascular problems or risks.

Updated 2007-07-01

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